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Crisp Clinical Hypnotherapist
To Toe Health Centre
249 Elmers End Road
TelNo: 020 8658 4290
Development Courses with Alan
Crisp DHP, one of the UK's leading
Hypnotherapaists and Motivational
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Beckenham and Bromley
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various venues around Yorkshire
Centre of Natural Therapies
Beltain Centre of Natural Therapies
1 Colliton Walk,
Tel: 01305 267069
Professional Hypnotherapy training
must prepare you well. This
course does that very comprehensively
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has been training hypnotherapists
for over 25 years. T
School of NLP
5 Windsor Court,
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is a form of therapy in which
the use of hypnotism constitutes the core
of the treatment, it uses the power of the
mind to help heal physical as well as emotional
problems. It helps the patient discover
the underlying emotional and psychological
causes to their ailments.
Hypnotherapy is particularly useful
in helping people to deal with stress and
anxiety related conditions such as panic
attacks, phobias, insomnia and other emotional
problems like depression, lack of confidence
and self esteem, etc.
Hypnotherapy can also help you change unwelcome
habits such as smoking and nail-biting,
and deal with problems relating to food
and body image. This is achieved by finding
out what the real problem is and finding
better, more positive ways to meet your
Hypnosis is not a state of sleep but a state
of relaxation varying from light to deep.
Tests have shown that a person is neither
unconscious, nor asleep. Tests have shown
that a person in deep hypnosis is in a state
of deep relaxation and engaged in normal
initial task of the therapist is to establish
rapport with the client. This involves encouraging
the client to talk about his or her concerns.
The therapist would spend time with the
client first to take a clinical history.
As well as establishing a clinical record,
the discussion contributes to building trust
and confidence between the therapist and
the client. Feeling safe, comfortable and
secure with the therapist helps the induction
of a hypnotic trance
length of treatments depends on the problem
or symptom and the individual's circumstances.
With some people a problem like nail biting
can be successfully treated in one session.
Other problems such as panic attacks can
take up to 5 or 6 sessions.
the course of the therapy clients are usually
taught self hypnosis as part of a number
of therapeutic homework tasks.
first session usually lasts one and a half
hours with subsequent sessions between an
hour and an hour and a half.
The roots of medicine by therapy lie in
ancient societies even earlier than the
Ancient Egyptians and Ancient Indians. Religious
rituals were characterized by dancing, music,
and masked peoples assuming new identities.
the nineteenth century, healers like Abbe
Faria and practitioners like Franz Anton
Mesmer, Scottish neurosurgeon James Braid,
James Esdaile, John Elliotson, Ambroise-Auguste
Liébault, Emile Coue, Jean-Martin
Charcot and more recently Andrew Salter
with his conditioned reflex therapy, began
experimenting with the principles of what
we now understand as hypnosis.
research into the prevalent ailment of 'hysteria'
led to the theory of animal magnetism. This
is comparable to modern-day stress, or in
hysteria's most extreme examples, appears
to bear similarity to post-traumatic stress
disorder (PTSD). A contemporary of Mesmer
had claimed to have discovered a physical
force in all living things (people, trees,
plants and animals) through which humans
would reach the hysteria state instantly
on contact with a specially "magnetised"
tree or bush. Following an elaborate ceremony
'magnetising' trees, sufferers of hysteria
or hysterical nature would touch the tree
and experience something akin to a fit,
after which the hysteria would usually not
staged an animal magnetism without having
'magnetised' the trees to illustrate that
the ceremony was a sham. However, all of
the volunteers for Mesmer's event had the
same effect from the non-prepared trees.
That is, the very suggestion of animal magnetism
being at work was enough to create the bodily
then wrote various theses on this previously
unheard-of psychological effect, later termed
[mermerism] as shorthand for the effect.
In common parlance, we have since retermed
this the Placebo Effect. (reference outstanding)
Braid was next to develop modern hypnosis
a step further. In his scientific studies
of brain workings, he became driven to understand
the nature and logistics of sleep, and specifically
dreaming, in the brain. In his writings
and studies later published on these findings,
Braid referred to the Greek god of sleep,
Hypnos. As such, the new branch of learning
became known as "neur-hypnology".
Sigmund Freud for the first 15 or so years
of his own psychological treatment in the
late 1930s employed something similar to
hypnosis with his own hysteria clients,
upper-class Viennese women. This took the
form of the svengali-esque [swinging watch]
technique, to defocus the eyes before a
fully authoritarian and overt induction.
not all Freud's clients found this effective,
as he later abandoned the procedure in favor
of his newly developed free association
technique. This is often viewed as the beginning
of modern [psychotherapy], in that the patient
would be asked ongoing questions to 'keep
them talking' from which Freud would then
deduce an explanation and treatment based
on his own theories and frameworks. During
such procedures, various props were used
to allude to the patient's own psychology
and preferences... including inkspots of
undetermined shape Rorschach test (pronounced
'raw-shock') and [lucid dreaming] similar
to waking hypnotherapy of the modern day.
he showed a preference for his own home-made
procedures, the principles of conscious,
unconscious, dream utilisation and refinement
of attention are ongoing themes throughout
the majority of his work. They also predate
what we nowadays refer to as hypnotherapy,
although the chasm between the schools of
psychotherapy and hypnotherapy has deepened
as these elements of Freud's format are
left aside in favour of a more [counselling]-based
H. Erickson, M.D. is considered one of the
most successful modern hypnotherapists.
He has written many books, journals, and
articles, on the subject, and his accomplishments
are well documented and of divine interest
to those desiring to learn this profession.
the 1970s, Erickson saw unprecedented success
treating his medical patients with hypnotic
procedures. He was responsible for an entirely
new branch of hypnotherapy as we now call
it, Ericksonian hypnotherapy. This was the
use of covert suggestion in normal conversation,
without the formal "you are feeling
sleepy" authoritarian induction rigamorole
used by Freud. ( with thanks to Wikipedia)
Age Regression - by returning
to an earlier ego-state the patient can
regain qualities they once had, but have
lost. Remembering an earlier, healthier,
ego-state can increase the patients strength
Revivification - remembering
past experiences can contribute to therapy.
For example; the hypnotist may ask "have
you ever been in trance?" and then
find it easier to revive the previous experience
than attempt inducing a new state.
Guided Imagery - a method by which the subject
is given a new relaxing and beneficial experience.
Parts Therapy - a method
to identify conflicting parts that are damaging
the well being of clients, then helps those
parts negotiate with each other through
the therapist to bring about a resolution.
Confusion - a method developed
by Milton Erickson in which the subject
becomes receptive to ideas because confused.
Repetition - the more an
idea is repeated the more likely it is to
be accepted and acted upon by the patient.
Direct Suggestion - suggesting
directly. "You feel safe and secure".
Indirect Suggestion - using
"interspersal" technique and other
means to cause effect.
Mental State - people are
more receptive while relaxed, sleeping,
or in a trance.
Hypnoanalysis - the client
recalls moments from his past, confronting
them and releasing associated emotions,
similar to psychoanalysis.
Post Hypnotic Suggestion
- a suggestion that will be carried out
after the trance has ended. "When you
re-awaken you will feel refreshed."
Binds or Double binds -
tension on a bind causes trance. This is
like "the centipede who when asked
which comes first, the left foot or the
right, lost his concentration, stumbled,
then rolled into the ditch". Binds
are very common in hypnosis and it is essential
to know the capacity of the subject and
to ensure they will concentrate on the leg
that will carry them through their journey.
The duty of the hypnotist is to concentrate
the subject on their desired goal.
Visualization - being told
to imagine or visualize a desired outcome
seems to make it more likely to actually
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